「Do Immigrants Crowd Out Natives From Their Residential Neighborhoods?: Evidence from Seoul, Korea.」
Hyunjoo Yang(School of Northeast Asian Studies Incheon National University)
This study investigates the impact of an increase in immigrant inflow on native Koreans' residential choice in narrowly defined neighborhoods within Seoul using a unique administrative dataset. Our study gathers data regarding the 2007 introduction of visas for overseas Koreans (the F-4 visa program) as a source of plausibly exogenous variation in the inflow of immigrants, which confirms that townships in Seoul lost more than five natives for every ten additional immigrants between 2006 and 2015. Additional analyses using a builtin survey question in the internal migration move-in registration form suggest that the crowding out effect of immigration is due to natives' preference, rather than to labor market opportunities.